Bibliography of Interdisciplinary Collaboration

Click the in front of each section for an annotated version (does not include all sources).

       Institution & Foundation Sites
       Project & Exhibition Sites
       Books and Articles
General Art, Science, & Technology
Theories and Methods

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(1966). 9 Evenings. New York, Experiments in Art and Technology.
(1966). Union of Art, Technology for Revolutionary Shows. Flatbush Life.
(1966). Art and Engineering. Summit Press. Summit: 1.
(1966). Art and Science. The Village Voice.
(1968). "Experiments in Art and Technology, Inc." Journal of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers: 146.
(1968). Lasers, Computers Star in Mod Art Shows. Bell Labs News.
(1968). Artists and Technicians. San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle. San Francisco: 229.
(1968). Art-Technology Talk Tonight. The Seattle Times. Seattle.
(1968). The Museum As Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age. New York, Museum of Modern Art.
(1969). Engineer Meets Artist. W E, Western Electric Co.: 14.
(1969). E.A.T., Cogs, Gears, Transistors, and Art. The Kingston Daily Freeman. Kingston: 20.
(1969). The Artist and the Machine. San Francisco Examiner. San Francisco.
(1984). Influencing Machines: The Relationship Between Art and Technology. Toronto, Y.Y.Z.
(1990). "Special Issue: Computers and Art: Issues of Content." Art Journal 49(3).
(1991). "Special Issue: Art and Technology." Sculpture 10(3).
Ahl, D. H. (1979). "Art and Technology." Creative Computing: 74-75.
Akchin, D. (1983). High-Tech Is Invading the Art World. USA Today: 1-2.
Amy, M. "Robert Rauschenberg: la retrospective [Robert Rauschenberg: the retrospective]." Art et Culture 12(10): 46-7.
Archer, M., Simon Morrissey, Harry Stocks (2001). Richard Wilson. London, Merrell Publishers.
Ascott, R. (1991). "Connectivity: Art and Interactive Telecommunications." Leonardo 24(2): 115-118.
Ayers, R. "S(t)imulations: Stelarc."
Banham, P. R. (1980). Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Banham, R. (1980). Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Beam, M. "Global crossings." Leonardo 36: 373-4.
Benthall, J. (1968). Artists and Technicians. The Times Literary Supplement. New York: 229.
Berleant, A. "A Report on the American Association for the Advancement of Science (Aaas) 1976 Symposium 'Art, Science and Technology in Shaping the Environment of the Future'." Leonardo 9(3): 211-12.
Bernstein, D. W., C. Hatch, et al., Eds. Writings through John Cage's music, poetry, and art.
Bolter, J. D. and D. Gromala (2003). Windows and Mirrors : Interaction Design, Digital Art, and the Myth of Transparency. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Brand, S. (1987). The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT. New York, Penguin USA.
Brennan, P. J. (1969). "Art Meets Technology in New York: There Is No Winner." Engineer(Jan./Feb.): 12.
Brown, K. and N. Salvatore "Trends in computer and technological art." Art Criticism 14: 94-106.
Bureaud, A. "Eduardo Kac defricheur et visionnaire/e. e. cummings of the virtual [Eduardo Kac ground-breaker and visionary/e. e. cummings of the virtual]." Art Press 246: 34-5.
Burnham, J. (1968). Beyond Modern Sculpture: The Effects of Science and Technology on the Sculpture of This Century. New York, George Braziller.
Burnham, J. (1970). Software Information Technology: Its New Meaning for Art. New York, Jewish Museum.
Burnham, J. (1970). The Aesthetics of Intelligent Systems. On the Future of Art. E. F. Fry. New York, The Viking Press.
Chandler, J. (1969). "Art in the Electronic Age." Art International 13(2): 19-25.
Christiansen, R. (1966). Art and Technology. The New York Times. New York: 26.
Clark, N. (1995). "N + 1 cultures." Art & Text 50: 69.
Cleland, K. "Interface: visions of the body and the machine." ART AsiaPacific: 70-5.
Cohen, H. (1974). "On Purpose: An Enquiry into the Possible Roles of the Computer in Art." Studio International: 9-16.
Cornock, S. and E. Edmonds (1973). "The Creative Process Where the Artist Is Amplified or Superseded by the Computer." Leonardo: 11-16.
Coupland, K. "All over the map with David Byrne." Graphis 313: 92-9.
Cox, D. J. (1992). "Caricature, readymades and metamorphosis: visual mathematics in the context of art." Leonardo 25(3-4): 295-302.
Csuri, C. (1974). Computer Graphics and Art. IEEE Proceedings.
Davis, D. (1968). Experiments in Art and Technology. The National Observer.
Defila, R. and A. D. Giulio (1999). "Evaluation Criteria for Inter and Transdisciplinary Research (Project Report)." Panorama. Online:
Dietrich, F. (1985). Visual Intelligence: The First Decade of Computer Art (1965-1975). IEEE Proceedings.
Drucker, J. "Janet Zweig, Simon Penny, Jonathan Harris, Paul Zelevansky, Dew Harrison, Eduardo Kac, Jon Ippolito." Art Journal 56(3): 14-19.
Druckery, T. (1999). Ars Electronica: Facing the Future: A Survey of Two Decades. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Druckrey, T., Ed. (1994). Iterations: The New Image. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Druckrey, T., Ed. (1997). Electronic Culture; Technology; Technology and Visual Representation. New York, Aperture.
Goldin, A. (1972). "Art and Technology in a Social Vacuum." Art in America 60(2): 46.
Graham, B. (2003). "Conference: User Mode." Art Monthly 267: 37.
Grau, O. (2003). Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Hayward, P., Ed. (2003). Culture, Technology & Creativity in the Late Twentieth Century. Luton, University of Luton Press.
Hight, C. "Christopher Hight: dangerous liaisons - the art of engineering after truth and beauty." M'Ars 13: 21-9.
Hiltzik, M. (2000). Dealers of Lightning : Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age. New York, HarperBusiness.
Holtzman, S. R. (1998). Digital Mosaics: The Aesthetics of Cyberspace. New York, Simon & Schuster.
Hovagimyan, G. H. "Art in the age of spiritual machines (with apologies to Ray Kurzweil)." Leonardo 34: 453-8.
Hutzler, G., B. Gortais, et al. "The Garden of Chances: a visual ecosystem." Leonardo 33: 101-6.
Huws, U. (2000). "Nature, technology and art: the emergence of a new relationship?" Leonardo 33(1): 33-40.
Jacobson, K., Ed. (2001). 010101: Art in Technological Times. San Francisco, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
Jensen, A. (1966). Engineering and Theatre Fused for '9 Evenings'. New York Visitor's Reporter. New York.
Johnson, P. (1934). Machine Art: March 6 to April 30, 1934. New York, Museum of Modern Art.
Johnston, J. (1965). Billy Kluver. The Village Voice. New York: 7.
Jones, C. A. and P. L. Galison, Eds. (1998). Picturing Science Producing Art. London, Routledge.
Jones, S. (2003). "Synthetics: A History of the Electronically Generated Image in Australia." Leonardo 36(3): 187-95, 199.
Kirkpatrick, D. "Sonia Landy Sheridan." Woman's Art Journal 1(1): 56-9.
Kluver, B. (1966). Technology and the Arts. Reporter. New York: 16.
Kluver, B. (1967). "E.A.T." Paletten: 31.
Kluver, B. (1969). "Activities of E.A.T." Bijutsu-Techno.
Kluver, B. (1969). E.A.T. (interview with Billy Kluver). Tokyo Vision. Tokyo: 59-62.
Kluver, B. (1970). Artists, Engineers and Technology. Technological Change and Human Development: An International Conference, Ithaca, New York State Schools of Industrial and Labor Relations.
Kluver, B., J. Martin, et al. (1968). Some More Beginnings: An Exhibition of Submitted Works Involving Technical Materials and Processes. New York, Museum of Modern Art and Technology.
Kozloff, M. (1969). "Men and Machines." Artforum 7(6): 22.
Kranz, S. (1974). Science and Technology in the Arts. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Kriesche, R. (1985). Artificial Intelligence in the Arts ('Brainwork'). Graz, Austria, Steirischer Herbst.
Kristen, C. "The outsider art of burning man." Leonardo 36: 343-8.
Krueger, M. K. (1991). Artificial Reality 2. Boston, Addison-Wesley.
Kuebel, C. K. and B. Delaney "Ars Electronica 2001: impact?" Art New England 23(1): 22-3.
Lasay, F. "Geo/centr/e/i/city: the Earth as Center." Leonardo 35: 233-8.
Leavitt, R., Ed. (1976). Artist and Computer. New York, Harmony Books.
Leggett, M. "Drawing the thread." Artlink 21(3): 34-7.
Leopoldseder, H. and C. Schopf, Eds. (2001). CyberArts 2001. New York, Springer Verlag.
Leopoldseder, H., C. Schopf, et al., Eds. (1997). Cyberarts. New York, Springer-Verlag.
Livingstone, M. "Built enviroments." tate: the art magazine 28: 42-9.
Lovejoy, M. (2004). Postmodern Currents: Art and Artists in the Age of Electronic Media. New York, Routlege.
Lucie-Smith, E. and P. Lafuente "Paris: reinventing `la ville' - survivors of the siecle." Art Review 53: 45-7.
Lunenfeld, P. "In search of the telephone opera: from communications to art." Afterimage 25(1): 8-10.
Lutticken, S. "The footprint and the readymade." Afterimage 29(1): 4-5.
Lynn, V. "Jennifer Turpin and Michaelie Crawford: the choreography of time, light and water." Art and Australia 39: 238-47.
Malina, F. J., Ed. (1974). Kinetic Art: Theory and Practice. Selections from the Journal Leonardo. New York, Dover.
Malina, F. J., Ed. (1979). Visual Art, Mathematics And Computers: Selections from Leonardo. New York, Pergamon Press.
Malina, R. F. and B. Wands "The stone age of the digital arts; Director's statement: a moment in time; Exhibiting artists." Leonardo 35(5): 463-6.
Malloy, J., Ed. (2003). Women, Art, and Technology. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Mann, S. (2003). "Intelligent Bathroom Fixtures and Systems: EXISTech Corporation's Safebath Project." Leonardo 36(4): 207-210. Online:
Mezei, L. (1968). "Art and Technology: An Information Service." Arts-Canada: 28.
Mitchell, W. J. "`Fast forward'." Art Papers 22(4): 20-3.
Moser, M. A. and D. Macleod, Eds. (1996). Immersed in Technology; Art and Virtual Environments. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Mumford, L. (1952). Art and Technics. New York, Columbia University Press.
Nadis, S. (2000). "Science for Art's Sake." Nature 407: 668-670. Online:
Negroponte, N. (1970). The Architecture Machine: Toward a More Human Environment. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Negroponte, N. (1996). Being Digital. New York, Vintage Books.
O'Connor, J. J. (1966). The Gallery: Art Meets Science. The Wall Street Journal. New York.
O'Doherty, B. (1967). The Science of Art. The Journal Tribune: 1.
Oppenheimer, R. "" Afterimage 26(5): 3.
Paik, N. J. (1969). "E.A.T.: Some More Beginnings Exhibition." Bijutsu-Techno: 112-132.
Paik, N. J. (1984). Art and Satellite. Berlin, Daardgalerie.
Pangloss "It can't be art because it's too much fun." Everything: 18-19.
Parisi, A. J. (1968). "The Kinetic Movement: Technology Paces the Arts." Product Engineering: 27.
Paul, C. "Renderings of digital art." Leonardo 35: 471-84.
Penny, S. "Modern Machine Art." Artlink 20(3): 44-9.
Penny, S., Ed. (1995). Critical Issues in Electronic Media. Albany, SUNY Press.
Perlman, D. (1969). Art and Technology Get Together. San Francisco Chronicle: 6.
Peterson, D. (1983). Genesis II: Creation and Recreation with Computers. Reston, Reston.
Polli, A. "Virtual space and the construction of memory: installation and performance work." Leonardo 31: 103-9.
Popper, F. (1975). Art, Action and Participation. New York, New York University Press.
Popper, F., Ed. (1983). Electra. Electricty and Electronics in the Art of the XXth Century. Paris, Musée d'Art moderne de la ville de Paris.
Popper, F. (1993). Art of the Electronic Age. London, Thames & Hudson.
Porett, T. "Cyberart considerations." Art Journal 53(3): 32-3.
Prueitt, M. (1984). Art and the Computer. New York, McGraw-Hill.
Punt, M. a. R. P. (2001). The Postdigital Membrane: Imagination, Technology and Desire. Portland, Intellect.
Reichardt, J., Ed. (1968). Cybernetic Serendipity: The Computer and the Arts. London, Studio International.
Reichardt, J. (1968). "E.A.T. and After." Studio International: 7-23.
Reichardt, J. (1971). Cybernetics, Art and Ideas. Greenwich, CT, New York Graphic Society.
Reichardt, J. (1971). The Computer and Art. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Relph, T. "Elevated wetlands: Toronto's shambling beasts." Public Art Review 10(2): 9-13.
Rhodes, L. I. (1980). Science Within Art. Bloomington, Indiana Unviersity Press.
Richmond, S. (1984). "The Interaction of Art and Science." Leonardo 17.
Rieser, D. (1972). Art and Science. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Rieser, M., A. Zapp, et al., Eds. New screen media: cinema/art/narrative.
Root-Bernstein, R. S. (1984). "On Paradigms and Revolutions in Science and Art: The Challenge of Interpretation." Art Journal.
Sakane, I. (1989). "Introduction to Interactive Art." Wonderland of Science and Art - Invitation to Science Art.
Schwarz, H.-P. (1997). Media-Art-History, Karlsruhe: ZKM/Center for Art and Media. New York, Prestel.
Shachtman, T. (1969). "Art and Technology." RCA Radiations: 2.
Shanken, E. "Tele-agency: telematics, telerobotics, and the art of meaning." Art Journal 59(2): 64-77. Online:
Shanken, E. "Technology and intuition: a love story? Roy Ascott's telematic embrace." Leonardo 30: 66.
Shanken, E. "Divided We Stand: Interactive Art and the Limits of Freedom." Online:
Shanken, E. (1996). "Jeffrey Shaw's Golden Calf: Art Meets Virtual Reality and Religion." Leonardo 4(3). Online:
Shanken, E. (1998). "From drips to ZOOBS: the cosmology of artist/inventor Michael Grey." Artbyte 1(3): 30-41. Online:
Shanken, E. (1998). "The House That Jack Built: Jack Burnham's Concept of "Software" as a Metaphor for Art." Leonardo 6(10). Online:
Shanken, E. (1999). "Gemini Rising, Moon in Apollo: Attitudes on the Relationship Between Art and Technology in the US, 1966-70." Leonardo 6(12). Online:
Shanken, E. (2003). Telematic Embrace: Visionary Theories of Art, Technology, and Consciousness by Roy Ascott, University of California Press.
Sheridan, S. L. "Generative Systems Versus Copy Art: A Clarification of Terms and Ideas." Leonardo 16(2): 103-8.
Sheridan, S. L. "Generative Systems a Decade Later: A Personal Report." Afterimage 6(7): 7-9.
Sheridan, S. L. (1978). Energized Artscience. Chicago, Museum of Science and Industry.
Sholette, G. "Counting on your collective silence: notes on activist art as collaborative practice." Afterimage 27(3): 18-20.
Sieling, N., Ed. (1989). The techno/logical imagination: machines in the garden of art. Minneapolis, Intermedia Arts.
Slemmons, R. "The new automat." Blackflash 14(1): 4-7.
Smith, C. S. (1980). From Art to Science. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Snow, C. P. (1993). The Two Cultures. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Snyderman, N. (1966). "Mixing Technology with the Arts." Electronic News: 4.
Snyderman, N. (1968). "Electronics Makes It Big in Art." Electronic News.
Sommerer, C. and L. Mignonneau "Art as a living system: interactive computer artworks." Leonardo 32: 165-73.
Sommerer, C. and L. Mignonneau (1998). Art Science. New York, Springer-Verlag.
Spalter, A. M. (1999). The Computer in the Visual Arts. Reading, Addison Wesley.
Spruch, G. G. M. (1969). "Two Contributions to the Art and Science Muddle: A Report on a Symposium on Art and Science Held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology." Artforum: 28-32.
Stiles, K. and P. Selz, Eds. (1996). Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art. Berkeley, University of California Press.
Tarkka, M., Ed. (1994). The 5th International Symposium on Electronic Art Catalogue (ISEA). Helsinki, University of Art and Design.
Timothy, D., Ed. (1999). Ars Electronica: Facing the Future: A Survey of Two Decades. Electronic Culture: History, Theory and Practice. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Tuchman, M. (1971). A&T: A Report on the Art and Technology Program of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1967-1971. Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
Usselmann, R. (2003). "The Dilemma of Media Art: Cybernetic Serendipity at the ICA London." Leonardo 36(5): 389-396. Online:
Vesna, V. "Another Day in Paradise and Virtual Concrete: installation and telepresence works." Leonardo 31: 13-19.
Vitz, P. C. and A. B. Glimcher (1984). Modern Art and Modern Science: The Parallel Analysis of Vision. New York, Praeger.
Wardrip-Fruin, N. and N. Montfort, Eds. (2003). The New Media Reader. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Weiner, N. (1961). Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Cambridge, The MIT Press.
Welsh, J. "Mausolea and altar(ed) states." Variant 11: 32-5.
Wickstrom, R. D. a. S., Sonia Landy, Ed. (1976). Sonia Landy Sheridan: A Generative Retrospective. Iowa City, University of Iowa Museum of Art.
Wilson, S. (1986). Using Computers to Create Art. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.
Wilson, S. (2002). Information Arts. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Wosk, J. (2001). Women and the machine: representations from the spinning wheel to the electronic age. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.
Zurbrugg, N. "Nam June Paik: an interview." Visible Language 29(2): 122-37.

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